National Geographic

Kumbh Mela 2013: The Water’s Dirty but Nobody’s Sick

The latest figures on water quality in the Ganges, straight from the Central Pollution Control Board—a government organisation charged with monitoring it daily during the Kumbh Mela—suggest that contrary to earlier reports, it’s neither drinkable nor batheable. Given that 80-odd million people are expected to bathe in the river during the festival, I asked head of medical services B.P. Singh to give us an update on the kinds of cases he’s been seeing in recent days at the Kumbh’s central hospital.

Protesters at the Kumbh Mela marching to draw attention to the state of the Ganges. Photo: Ravinder Bawa.

Upper respiratory tract infections and asthma still dominate the list, due to the cold and high levels of particulate matter in the air. The flow of gastro-intestinal infections remains steady but low, and the incidence of more serious waterborne diseases such as typhoid negligible. One of the more persistent problems has been holy men presenting with urinary infections due to enlarged prostate glands (four or five a day), and slightly less frequently, with fatty livers or cirrhosis—a reflection of their relatively advanced average age, penchant for smoking ganja and general lifestyle. Two people have suffered heart attacks while bathing in the icy Ganges, there have been two fires—one of which injured 20 people, some of them badly—and two babies have been born, that the doctors know of.

So the health profile of the world’s largest crowd is surprisingly ordinary. A handful of people wrote in response to an earlier post of mine that pilgrims don’t drink Ganges water, they only use it to perform puja, ritual offerings to the gods. Puja is definitely an important use of the river water, but they also drink it—as confirmed by the head of medicine and sanitation for the Kumbh Mela, Suresh Dwivedi, the inspector general of police for Allahabad Alok Sharma, and a sample of holy men and pilgrims themselves.

The skyline is getting higher at the Kumbh Mela. Photo: Laura Spinney.

The Kumbh still has two thirds left to run, but I leave it here, so here are a few last observations. The skyline is rising, as akharas or sects of holy men compete to outdo each other in the size of their portals. It’s still relatively litter-free, and 40 to 50 tonnes of solid waste are being removed from the grounds each day. Today saw an initiation ceremony of hundreds of novices into sadhu or holy man status. Having reported that there were no snake charmers at the fair, we came across a pair today. The police wouldn’t let them put on a show, they told us, so they were reduced to surreptitiously offering peeks at their snakes to anyone who asked, since seeing a snake is good luck. Finally, for those who have been paying attention, Shiv Kumari has left the Tiwaris’ lost and found camp and been reunited with her family.

Anything could happen between now and the end of the festival on March 10, but the authorities’ preparations have so far proved more than equal to the task.


Two surreptitious snake charmers at the Kumbh Mela. Photo: Laura Spinney.



  1. Sadhvi Bhagawati Saraswati
    Kumbha Mela
    February 12, 2013, 6:06 am

    Dearest Laura, thanks so much for your beautiful pictures. Just a slight correction – the parade/procession that you used above is not of us “protesting” but rather raising awareness and generating people’s own cooperation in the movement. It was a parade to raise awareness about India’s need to be “free from pollution,” and ended with everyone present, from 45 countries, taking a pledge to keep their own rivers (wherever they are from) clean and to work to clean and preserve Mother Ganga in whatever way they can. Thanks again for the wonderful articles and pictures.

  2. A singh
    February 10, 2013, 11:56 am

    Allahabad:Many Feared Dead In Stampede At Allahabad Railway Station!!Over three crore people were at the Kumbh Mela in Allahabad today to take holy dip at Sangam on ‘Mauni Amavasya’, considered the most auspicious day of bathing during the 12-yearly Kumbh congregation.

  3. Deependra
    February 7, 2013, 11:25 pm

    err. Sorry for typos. best of of kumbh will be on 10 feb, on Mauni Amavasya.

  4. Deependra
    February 7, 2013, 11:22 pm

    dear Laura , nice series of articles. Best of kumbh is yet to come on 10nth January. It will be largest gathering.

  5. Adarsh Gupta K
    February 4, 2013, 4:53 am

    Impressive information!
    Keep posting :)


  6. sivakumar
    Palakkad, Kerala.
    February 1, 2013, 11:30 am

    Good job Laura.
    Like to read ur article every day till I reach Triveni Sangam for holy dip. Om Namasivaya.

  7. karunapati tripathi
    new delhi
    January 31, 2013, 9:06 pm

    Hi Laura,

    I am quite sure that you would be enjoying kumbh mela at its best. My father and my mother are also attending this fair. They started with this year and would be doing for the next 12 years. They come here for a month. This practice is called ‘Tapasya’. In this an individual is expected to pray Lord Sun and thank Sun for giving light and warmth to this world. Another interesting thing is that those who do this medetation ( TAPASYA), do not eat without taking bath in the holy river and praying. They are expected to have only one meal in an entire day.

    I will be soon coming to sangam to take a bath in this holy festival and witness the biggest gathering of humans in this world…

    Waiting for your next article.

    Karunapati tripathi

  8. Kumar
    January 31, 2013, 12:56 pm

    Hi, I have been regular reader for ur Kumbh articles. Aso i update our site and we have many of ur write up posted on this portal. Keep it up.